For instance, is the book or article written by a person who is a member of a particular religious group, or a particular environmental group, for example, which would "color" their interpretation? Who better than a former Olympic athlete to provide information about the emotional effects of athletic competition?
If you want reference a paper found in another article, do so as follows: The library Other computer sources CDRoms, etc. Note that the entry will also include a number or some kind of an identifying code.
Documentation Any time that you use information that is not what is considered "common knowledge," you must acknowledge your source. That system will not be presented here, but you should expect to encounter it in your reading of the literature.
It is subject to revision, addition and canceling, without paying much attention to form. Quotes should not be used terribly often--if your paper is nothing more than a series of quotes strung together and yes, we have all written those! Library of Congress Subject Heading Index The Library of Congress provides an indexing system; most academic libraries index their books using Library of Congress subject headings.
Critically analyze your research data. To see an example, read more specific information, and work with exercises, check out Summaries and Paraphrases.
Are all sources properly cited to ensure that I am not plagiarizing? Top of Page Standard Text Citation Formats There are exceptions among the various journals, but generally, in biological journals, the most frequent types of citations are shown in the following examples in red: A good place to write notes down is on note cards.
Sound files to learn to pronounce alphabet. What do I take notes on? Sociofile is another example. Starting your research early will assure that you have time to get the sources that you want to consult.
Use a dictionary or a thesaurus as needed. If you are trying to publish a paper in a specific journal, you will be required to follow the format of that journal. The ESC Library provides access to a number of useful databases on a wide variety of topics. This gives you peace of mind and a chance to triple check.
There are several formatting styles typically used. Compare them and change if necessary. If you are not sure, ask your teacher whether your paper requires it.
The rest are bound together in collections, usually by year. Most of the searches that you do for a research paper will be subject searches, unless you already know enough about the field to know some standard sources by author or title.
Document all ideas borrowed or quotes used very accurately.Finding Sources--explanation Using sources to support your ideas is one characteristic of the research paper that sets it apart from personal and creative writing.
Sources come in many forms, such as magazine and journal articles, books, newspapers, videos, films, computer discussion groups, surveys, or interviews. Note the following:Typically, only the last name of the author (s) and the year of publication are given,e.g., Bugjuice Your Literature Cited section will contain the complete reference, and theNotice that the reference to the book has a page number (Gumwad ).This is to facilitate a reader's finding the reference in a long publication such as a bookFor two author papers, give both authors' last names (e.g., Click and Clack ).
When a book, paper, or article has no identifiable author, cite it as Anon.
Year, e.g., (Anon. ) (Anon. If you want reference a paper found in another article, do so as follows: (Driblickin Oobleck ). (2 more items). Writing a Research Paper. This page lists some of the stages involved in writing a library-based research paper.
Although this list suggests that there is a simple, linear process to writing such a paper, the actual process of writing a research paper is often a messy and recursive one, so please use this outline as a flexible guide.
Citing References in the Body (Intro and Discussion) of the Paper Throughout the body of your paper (primarily the Intro and Discussion), whenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information.
This area also includes materials on evaluating research sources. Using Research. These OWL resources will help you use the research you have conducted in your documents. This area includes material on quoting and paraphrasing your research sources, as well as material on how to avoid plagiarism.
Research Papers. Writing a Research Paper. Citing sources: Overview. Overview; Citation style guides; To allow your reader to track down the sources you used by citing them accurately in your paper by way of footnotes, a bibliography or reference list Ask us Research guides & expert librarians Productivity tools Scholarly publishing Citation & writing tools More research support.Download